In a time of rapid technological innovation and development, there is a subsequent change in the usage and consumption of media in the past few decades. This innovation spans across the globe. Innovation fuels interactivity which makes it feasible for its audiences to be more involved. This progression is not merely for interaction but also fuels the building and development of several sectors including technology, social media, business, and particularly education. The increasing pace with which technology is evolving has brought in a change in one of the most crucial sectors of anyone’s life today i.e. education.
In an age where the definition of new media is constantly ever-evolving, there seems to be a parallel elevation in the education sector. This constant change generates an everlasting impact on education. Learning is not limited to one’s classroom anymore, the unaccountable amount of data in the online space and the widened scope of interactivity has redefined traditional academic experience into something extraordinary. This invariably has overshadowed traditional media based on the limitations traditional media possesses in terms of space, time, and reachability. In a way, new media has gracefully restructured the primary system of education. The significant key that makes all the difference is interactivity.
The change that is propagated in the stream of education is propagated through certain tools that facilitate these changes. These tools include social media (WhatsApp, Facebook, linked in, Twitter, Instagram, and SnapChat), online blog posts, Wikipedia pages, smartphones with applications that accommodate such learning, online research portals, and E-books that are accessible on all technological devices. This technology innovation has made students across the World connect and has enabled fruitful academic collaborations that raise the bar of education in Countries. Technology in this aspect is truly a boon for academic excellence and innovation in developing countries like India. The technology will certainly evolve and this growth in the education system and in general is inevitable.
Therefore, it becomes essential to understand this growth and the difficulties it causes to understand the process of technological influence and figuratively bring in positive changes that could make the process of education and learn better. The current study attempts to understand the influence of technological change on education. While doing so, the researcher also aims to understand the challenges and risks associated with this rapid technology change.
It is rather a necessity to understand the impact new media has generated in the current education system. Students are surrounded by media in everything they do ranging from the assignments they submit to the games they play. The aim of this study is rooted in understanding such influence that is created to bring clarity in the process and possibly come up with suitable solutions. While doing so, the researcher also aims to understand the possible risks that this innovation brings into the traditional education system.
Increased advancements in this digital age have led to the availability of innumerable forms of services in the online space that present an abundance of information, entertainment and enable smoother and effective modes of communication. Essentially, everything ranging from social media pages, online news portals, education and research portals, web services to video streaming and video gaming are all defined under the umbrella of ‘New Media’ These varied forms of communication have taken charge over the way society functions. These changes brought about by this upgraded form of technology succeeds in replacing all traditional forms.
At a given point in time, radio, television, and print were also considered new forms of media. The ‘new’ in ‘new media is, therefore, a relatively defined term. New Media is an ever-evolving term that changes with the discoveries in technology. A sharp difference between new media and its older counterparts is that the older forms of media are essential for the mass media. Further, with every development in technology, the newer media incorporate interactivity as an essential element, which is not the case with mass media.
New media essentially describes the varied forms of digital media that incorporate interactivity, enable two-way communication, and primarily include a given form of computing. New media is “very easily processed, stored, transformed, retrieved, hyperlinked and, perhaps most radical of all, easily searched for and accessed,” writes Robert Logan in his book Understanding New Media